Growing Peppers in Florida: Tips for Success
Peppers are very sensitive plants, and will react quickly to unfavorable weather, inadequate moisture levels, and poor soil conditions. Florida’s hot climate and ideal soil conditions make farms for sale in Florida perfect for growing a variety of peppers of all shapes, flavor, size, and color. For successful production of peppers in Florida, we recommend keeping these simple tips in mind.
Site selection is key and will make a world of a difference in your production. Make sure the farm for sale in Florida that you choose to grow your crops on gets plenty of sun, has soil that is well drained, and is high in organic matter. If the site is not well drained or high in organic matter, a little preparation to the site must be made before planting peppers. This preparation could include modifications to the soil, or planting in raised beds in order to accommodate proper drainage. Peppers are very sensitive to nitrogen, so be cautious when planting your crops to make sure that there are not excessively high levels of nitrogen in the soil.
To grow strong and healthy peppers there are a few factors that need to be kept in mind including watering, fertilization, and mulching. Water in moderation. A lack of water can lead to peppers developing a bitter taste, and too much moisture waterlogs the roots, which suffocates the plant, causes the roots to rot, and eventually kills the plant. Fertilization is another key element that should only be used in moderation. Over-fertilization sacrifices fruit production and causes the plants to develop thick and lush foliage. Keeping a thick layer of mulch has also been found to help retain moisture levels in the soil and moderate soil temperature.
Insects & Disease
Although many of the varieties of peppers are disease resistant, peppers are still threatened by many of the diseases and insects that can affect other crops. Many of the diseases and insects that affect the other members of the nightshade family (tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants) also have an affect on peppers. Some of the insects that can cause damage to your crops include pepper weevils, aphids, Colorado potato beetles, flea beetles, hornworms, and cutworms. Some of the common diseases that pose a threat to peppers include anthracnose infection, bacterial spot, early blight, verticillium wilt, and mosaic. Through crop rotation, weed management, and planting of resistant cultivars, many of these insects and diseases can be controlled.