Water Availability In North Florida

When purchasing land for sale in North Florida, there are several characteristics to look for. Water availability is an important characteristic a potential landowner should familiarize themselves with, because crops and agriculture depend on water availability for survival. The sale associates at SVN | Saunders Real Estate have backgrounds in all aspects of land for sale in North Florida, including farming, ranching, and agriculture. This background assists landowners in learning more about North Florida’s land characteristics, including water availability.

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Rainfall in North Florida

North Florida receives an average of 54 inches of rainfall per year, and it varies from one season of the year to another. With more than half of the annual rainfall occurring during the summers, the rainiest part of the year in North Florida is from May to October. Tropical storms are frequent in North Florida, with some delivering over 10 inches of rainfall during a 24 hour time frame, which typically causes flooding.

Prolific Aquifers

There are a few prolific aquifers in North Florida that yield large amounts of water to wells, streams, lakes, and springs. The Floridian aquifer is the main source of groundwater for most of the state, including North Florida. Additionally it yields water to over a thousand domestic, industrial, and irrigation wells in Florida.

North Florida Rivers

Surface runoff is rainfall that runs over the landscape to reach streams, lakes, or the ocean. Typically, the rainfall will infiltrate the ground and reach groundwater aquifers. This causes the groundwater to run close to the surface and then discharge (i.e., feed springs, streams, rivers, or lakes). Surface runoff depends on land cover, soils, and weather conditions. Surface runoffs and groundwater discharge feeds into a few important streams and rivers in North Florida. Florida has five major streams, and four of them can be found in the drainage basins of North Florida. They are the Apalachicola, Suwannee, Choctawhatchee, and Escambia rivers. The fifth largest stream is the St. Johns River, which flows north from Vero Beach to the Atlantic Ocean at Jacksonville in Northern Florida.

North Florida Salt Water Intrusion

Because Florida is a peninsula between two large bodies of saltwater, there is always the risk of saltwater intruding into the fresh groundwater supply. However, since saltwater is denser than freshwater, as long as freshwater levels in the aquifers are above sea level, the freshwater pressure will stop saltwater from moving inland.

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