Alternative crops provide diversity by not being the most popular crops in an area. When an area is well known for one particular crop, alternative crops can be important in establishing agricultural diversity. A crop is “a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.” Crop may refer either to the harvested parts or to the harvest in a more refined state (husked, shelled, etc.). Most crops are cultivated in agriculture or aquaculture. A crop is usually expanded to include macroscopic fungus (e.g. mushrooms), or alga (algaculture). Most crops are harvested as food for humans or livestock (fodder crops). Some crops are gathered from the wild (including intensive gathering, e.g. ginseng).
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