Glossary

We’re building a healthy glossary of terms to help you! As we add content from our expert partners, we’ll pay close attention to words and phrases that stand out and keep them stored here for your reference.

Agriculture

Acreage

Land, properties, or other areas measured in acres.

Afforestation

When a tree crop is newly established in an area in which it has been absent.

After-ripening

Following seed formation, a dormancy period necessary for germination.

Agribusiness

A business that has revenue that is based in agriculture such as a farm.

Agricultural Biotechnology

The usage of biological organisms in order to improve agriculture or agricultural products.

Agricultural Conservation Practices

Methods of reducing soil erosion and retaining soil moisture including conservation tillage, crop rotation, contour farming, strip cropping, terraces, diversions, and grassed waterways.

Agricultural Engineering

Discipline involving machinery, equipment and structures used for agricultural operations and the storage and processing of agricultural commodities.

Agricultural Industry

The agricultural industry generally comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber, and harvesting fish and other animals from a farm, ranch, or their natural habitats.

Agricultural Land

Land used primarily for the production of farm commodities. Could include cropland and pasture; orchards, groves, vineyards, bush fruits, and horticultural areas (such as nurseries); feeding operations; and other.

Agricultural Productivity

The efficiency with which inputs are transformed into outputs in the agricultural sector.

Agricultural Zoning

Zoning determined by government which restricts land uses to agriculture and other low-density uses.

Agroforestry

An agroforestry system is a form of multiple land use where trees are grown on the same land management as crops or animals.

Agromedicine

The study and treatment of human health related to agriculture.

Alternative Crop

Alternative crops provide diversity by not being the most popular crops in an area. When an area is well known for one particular crop, alternative crops can be important in establishing agricultural diversity. A crop is "a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence." Crop may refer either to the harvested parts or to the harvest in a more refined state (husked, shelled, etc.). Most crops are cultivated in agriculture or aquaculture. A crop is usually expanded to include macroscopic fungus (e.g. mushrooms), or alga (algaculture). Most crops are harvested as food for humans or livestock (fodder crops). Some crops are gathered from the wild (including intensive gathering, e.g. ginseng).

Artichokes

Commonly used in cooking, artichokes are a variety of thistle from which flowers can grow. The base of the flower is edible until the flowers bloom at which point the base becomes inedible. The edible portion of the artichoke, known as the “heart,” is a common ingredient that can be found in most supermarkets.

Catch Crops

A crop that grows at a quick rate, planted and harvested between two regular paced crops.

Citriculture

The cultivation of citrus fruit trees.

Climacteric Fruits

Fruits that ripen after being harvested.

Climate

The generally prevailing weather conditions of a region over a series of years.

Climatology

The study of climate.

Commercial Farms

Farms that produce crops and livestock for monetary gain.

Commercial Horticulture

The raising and tending of horticultural crops to produce products for monetary gain.

Community Garden

Plots of land, usually urban, rented by individuals for private gardens or for the benefit of the people care-taking the garden.

Community Supported Agriculture

Consists of a community that pledges support to a farm operation with the growers and consumers providing mutual support and sharing the risks and benefits of food production.

Companion Crops

Crops that are compatible with and compliment each other. Companion crops are grown at the same time on the same land, especially if they provide benefits to each other.

Composting

The biodecomposition of organic material by controlled methods including mechanical mixing and aerating.

Continuous Cropping

The growing of a singlular crop on a field year after year.

Crop

crop is "a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence." Crop may refer either to the harvested parts or to the harvest in a more refined state (husked, shelled, etc.). Most crops are cultivated in agriculture or aquaculture. A crop is usually expanded to include macroscopic fungus (e.g. mushrooms), or alga (algaculture). Most crops are harvested as food for humans or livestock (fodder crops). Some crops are gathered from the wild (including intensive gathering, e.g. ginseng).

Crop Acreage

Acres of a specific crop planted in a cropping season by farmers.

Cultivars

A plant type within a particular cultivated species that is distinguished by 1 or more characters.

Drainage Systems

Manmade systems of that collect and remove water from a central location.

Energy Crops

Crops grown specifically to provide the raw materials for energy production.

Enrichment Culture

Controlling nutritional and/or environmental conditions are in order to favor the growth of a specific organism or group of organisms.

Farm

farm is an area of land that is devoted primarily to agricultural processes with the primary objective of producing food and other crops; it is the basic facility in food production. The name is used for specialised units such as arable farms, vegetable farms, fruit farms, dairy, pig and poultry farms, and land used for the production of natural fibres, biofuel and other commodities. It includes ranches, feedlots, orchards, plantations and estates, smallholdings and hobby farms, and includes the farmhouse and agricultural buildings as well as the land. In modern times the term has been extended so as to include such industrial operations as wind farms and fish farms, both of which can operate on land or sea.

Farm Area

The area of land used for farming.

Farm Labor

Those employed by a farm operator to assist with the farm work.

Farm Operators

An individual or group that controls the decision-making of a farming operation.

Farmer

Someone that is engaged in the raising of crops, poultry or livestock.

Flood Irrigation

A system of irrigation involving  a field being flooded to a depth of a few inches.

Fresh Produce

Raw fruits and vegetables.

Future Farmers of America

An organization for high school students studying vocational agriculture.

Genetically Modified Foods

Foods produced from genetically modified organisms.

Grain Crops

Crops, mostly grass crops, that are grown for their edible seeds.

Grain Foods

Foods that are based primarily on food grains.

Groves

A small group of trees without underbrush.

Growing Season

The period of the year in which crops grow best.

Hops

Hops are an essential ingredient in the beer making process and give the beer the distinctive bitter taste and flavor for which they are known. Many local breweries have an interest in brewing beer using fresh and local hops. While a majority of Hops are grown in the Midwest regions of the country, Florida land can also be used to produce Hops.

Industrial Hemp

Industrial hemp is not the same as marijuana and is distinguished from marijuana by its low THC content and high CBD content. Hemp has been cultivated for thousands of years and is used in building material, for fiber production, and in food products.

Insecticides

Pesticides used in killing insects.

Intensive Farming

A system of raising crops and animals on small parcels of land where a large amount of production inputs or labor are used.

Intercropping

The growing of two or more different species of crops simultaneously.

Land Evaluation

An assessment of the amount of capability and managed suitability inherent to the land

Medical Marijuana

Marijuana that is prescribed by a medical professional for use by a patient.

Pomegranates

Pomegranates (Punica granatum) originated in the Eastern Hemisphere and are even featured in the Ancient Greek myth of Persephone. A red-purple fruit, the pomegranates hard shell can be cracked open to reveal the delectable cluster of juicy seeds within. Pomegranates and their juice are common ingredients in a variety of foods.

Pongamia

Pongamia is a low-input, high yield tree cop. Pongamia trees produce beans that can be used similarly to soybeans for plant protein in food and feed ingredients. Cultivars of Pongamia yield four times the beans per acre compared to US soybeans.

Tractor

tractor is an engineering vehicle specifically designed to deliver a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction. Most commonly, the term is used to describe a farm vehicle that provides the power and traction to mechanize agricultural tasks, especially (and originally) tillage, but nowadays a great variety of tasks. Agricultural implements may be towed behind or mounted on the tractor, and the tractor may also provide a source of power if the implement is mechanised.

Wetlands

Wetlands refers to land that is made up of marshes and swamps.

Law

Legislation

Legislation refers to the group of laws that have been passed by a legislature.

Opportunity Zone

Opportunity Zones are communities that are economically distressed in which investment may be eligible for certain tax exemptions.

Technology

Broadband

"Broadband" is a term referring to access to high speed internet. In our technological age, high speed internet access is an essential pillar of a community's social and industrial infrastructure. Much like the physical railroads and highways connected cities and towns and brought industry, broadband is an essential tool for connecting a community to the rest of the world.

GPS

The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a space-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force. It is a global navigation satellite system that provides geolocation and time information to a GPS receiver anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. The GPS system does not require the user to transmit any data, and it operates independently of any telephonic or internet reception, though these technologies can enhance the usefulness of the GPS positioning information. The GPS system provides critical positioning capabilities to military, civil, and commercial users around the world. The United States government created the system, maintains it, and makes it freely accessible to anyone with a GPS receiver.

Infrastructure

The basic structures needed for the functioning of a community, country or area.

Irrigation

Application of water to soil in order to forward plant production.

Tablet

tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a mobile PC, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package. Tablets can capture picture/video, play video games, access the web, play media, navigate using GPS, and place and receive voice/video calls and text message. Tablets typically have front-facing and rear-facing digital video/picture cameras, a microphone, GPS navigation, a flashlight, gyroscope and an accelerometer, so images on screens are always displayed upright, or to sense velocity (such as Pokémon GO may sense that you may be inside a car, judging by the rate of velocity).

Wildlife

Animal Law

Legislation governing the treatment of animals.

Bald Eagles

Most Americans would likely say that the most iconic American animal is the Bald Eagle. While Bald Eagles were de-listed back in 2007, there are still regulations that need to be followed regarding them. Bald Eagles are protected by legislation including the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act as well as the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

Bioclimatology

The study of how climate effects living organisms.

Biodiversity

The variety amongst living creatures

Biosphere

That part of the Earth inhabited by living organisms.

Burrowing Owls

Burrowing Owls (athene cunicularia) are small owls that make burrows in the ground similar to the Gopher Tortoise. While a Gopher Tortoise burrow is usually a half-moon shape, a Burrowing Owl’s burrow will be more round and usually has feathers around the edges. Burrows left by owls are also more shallow than those left by Gopher Tortoises.

Cattle Diseases

Diseases that effect domestic cattle including cows, yaks and zebus.

Clean Air Act

A federal law passed in 1970 that requires the EPA to establish regulations to control the release of contaminants to the air to protect the environment.

Clean Water Act

A Federal law that controls the discharge of pollutants into surface water in a number of ways, including discharge permits.

Conservation Areas

An area designated for protection based on its wildlife, natural features or historic value which is protected by laws or regulations in order to conserve its character, viability and appearance for future generations.

Conservation Banks

Conservation banks are permanently protected lands that contain natural resource values. These lands are conserved and permanently managed for species that are endangered, threatened, candidates for listing as endangered or threatened, or are otherwise species-at-risk. Conservation banks function to offset adverse impacts to these species that occurred elsewhere, sometimes referred to as off-site mitigation.

Conservation Credits

Credits for land that is set aside for conservation purposes. Credits may be traded when some activity may disrupt the habitat of endangered or threatened species.

Deforestation

The clearing of a forest, or portion of a forest, to convert it to non-forest use.

Ecological Zones

Large units of land/water that are identified by their distinct species and communities.

Environment

The system of climatic, soil and biotic factors that act upon an organism or and determine its form and survival.

Environmental Impact

Any change to the environment resulting from an organization's environmental aspects.

Environmental Protection

Environmental protection includes strategies to protect the environment from degradation; and control measures to restore or maintain environmental quality.

Extinct Species

Those species no longer known to exist after repeated search of the type localities and other known or likely places. Some species may be extinct in the wild but are being preserved by cultivation in gardens or as domesticated animals.

Felling

The cutting down of standing trees.

Gopher Tortoises

Gopher Tortoises are listed as a “threatened” species and are “federally protected” by the USFWS.  This means that land occupied by Gopher Tortoises must undergo the process of surveying, mitigation, and relocation in order to ensure that the impact on the species is reduced. Gopher Tortoises are protected due to the fact that their signature half-moon burrows provide shelter for other protected species such as Rattlesnakes and Gopher Frogs. If these burrows are found on your property, you must undertake the process of applying to the USFWS for a relocation permit, a process that may take up to a couple of months.

Groundwater

Water within the earth that supplies wells and springs.

Habitats

The natural environment where an organism, population or community lives.

Indigenous Species

Species naturally belonging to a particular geographic area or environment.

Indigo Snakes

The indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi) is the longest snake that is native to the US and can be up to seven feet long. The indigo snake can be found throughout the state of Florida. The indigo snake is considered to be “federally threatened” and is therefore granted “protected” status. They are identifiable by their blackish-blueish hue. While most species on the “federally protected” list have regulation ensuring that they are mitigated, the indigo snake is far less regulated by comparison. The United States Fish & Wildlife Service is the federal entity that regulates wildlife mitigation. According to the USFWS.  There is no particular survey protocol if indigo snakes are found on property slated for development.

Sand Skinks

Sand skinks are small lizards that live beneath the surface in the sandy soil in the central ridges of Florida. Sand skinks live in the parts of Florida that have higher elevation. Sand skinks are a protected species because they only exist in the sandy Florida habitat and nowhere else on the planet. Many scientists argue that sand skinks should be removed from the protection list, sighting a study that found that sand skinks exist in sandy soils in more habitats than were originally thought.

Sandhill Cranes

Sandhill Cranes (Grus canadensis) are very similar in appearance to herons but can be easily identified by the red skin on their head. Sandhill Cranes can be seen flying with their necks completely outstretched as opposed to herons, which are known to fly with their necks tucked in. Abundant in Florida, these majestic birds can be seen foraging even in Florida’s urban areas. In order to nest, however, Florida’s wetlands must be preserved and the Sandhill Cranes must be allowed to occupy them.

Scrub Jay

Scrub Jays are a federally protected species that occupy higher elevation soils across the state of Florida. Scrub Jays live in families and are territorial.