Historic Natural Springs in Florida

November 10, 2020   |   Waterfront

Florida is home to many historic hidden gems in the form of natural springs including Rainbow Springs and River, Blue Springs, Weeki Wachee, and Silver Springs.

When most people hear “Florida”, they imagine sandy beaches and tropical coasts. It is notable however that many born-and-raised Floridians have found that they prefer the particular delights offered by natural springs. Many tourists have also discovered the crystal clarity and relaxation provided by the natural spring water.

One huge selling point of these natural springs is that they remain the same temperature year round, regardless of the seasons. If a spring is 68 degrees in January, it will still be 68 degrees in June.

Most large springs are located in the northern half of the state, primarily due to the soil’s structure below the surface of the ground. When it rains, the water drains down through the ground and soil layers into the aquifer below. Occasionally, the water will get caught in a cave that contains limestone. When the water enters the limestone, it is cooled and purified, causing the water that emerges to be crystal clear and cold.

While the state has several dozen naturally occurring springs, we are going to focus on Rainbow Springs, Blue Springs, Weeki Wachee, and Silver Springs. These are all key historical springs within the state. Long before the house of mouse, people from all over flocked to Florida’s natural springs. Many people wishing to escape the cold of the north would travel down for the winter and would stop by the springs on their way further south.

One of the first springs to be advertised was Silver Springs. Glass bottom boats were becoming a trend in the late 1800s as Samuel L Howse would purchase 242 acres that contained a naturally flowing spring, feeding right into the silver river. After the civil war, the site gained popularity as more and more people traveled by steamboat and stumbled across the land. Howse would go on to create a theme park of sorts that surrounded the area. He started advertising and soon the park was up and running with new visitors every day. Silver Springs Park is still open to this day.

Named “little spring” by the Seminoles, Weeki Wachee is currently a state park. Before the state bought it however, the spring was used to put on lush underwater shows featuring girls in Mermaid costumes. The mermaids would perform underwater for long periods without surfacing. They achieved this trick using hoses with flowing oxygen that hid where the viewer could not see them. Since its inception in the 1920s, Weeki Wachee has been a tourist destination and still operates today.

If you were to visit Rainbow River today, you would find floods of people swimming, tubing, and kayaking. Similar to the other two parks, its rise in popularity followed that of the glass-bottom boat. Soon the park grew from just boats to adding a zoo, handmade waterfalls, and gift shops. Ultimately the interstate and the rise of newer theme parks caused the privately owned park to close in 1974. The state bought the land and reopened it as a state park in the 1990s. 

Located just north of Gainesville, Blue Springs has been a tourist attraction since the 1950s. In 2017, Dean Saunders of SVN | Saunders Ralston Dantzler Real Estate helped facilitate the sale of the privately held Blue Springs park to Florida. The state has since renamed the park the “Ruth B. Kirby Gilchrist Blue Springs State Park”.

From glass bottom boats to mermaids, Florida’s springs have had a colorful and fascinating history. While not drawing large crowds quite like the tourist attractions in Orlando, Florida’s natural springs still get droves of visitors every year. These crystal clear waters and year-round temperatures make for a perfect weekend getaway or an adventurous place to take your children.